Holi 2024: Date, History, Rituals, Puja Time and Significance – Celebrate the festival of colors

Happy Holi 2024

Holi is a major festival of Indian culture. Colors are supposed to be celebrated. This festival is celebrated on the full moon day of Phalgun month of Hindu calendar. It is celebrated with great pomp in India and many other countries. The significance of Holi lies in the abundance of colors, manifestation of happiness and the victory of good over evil.

The date of Holi 2024 is on March 25, while Holika Dahan will take place on March 24. In this blog, detailed information will be provided about the significance, history, rituals, puja timings, and significance of Holi.

Holi 2024: Date and Puja Time/Muhurta

Holi is celebrated on the next day of the full moon of Phalgun month. People play Holi with Gulal (dry colours), flowers and water. After sunset on the day of full moon, Holika is lit at every intersection, colony, society and ground. This year Holi will be played on Monday 25 March 2024. Holika Dahan will be celebrated on Sunday 24 March 2024. Holika Dahan symbolizes the victory of good over evil. This brings prosperity and happiness and destroys all negativity and diseases.

Date: Holi on Monday, 25 March 2024

Holika Dahan on Sunday, 24 March 2024

Time: Purnima Tithi Start – 24 March 2024 at 09:54 am

Purnima tithi ends – 25 March 2024 at 12:29 pm

The auspicious time of Holika Dahan 2024 is from 11:13 pm to 12:27 am.

Holi 2024: History

Indian culture is very ancient and rich in terms of festivals, events and customs. It is believed that Holi was celebrated long before the Gupta period. Holi, the festival of colors, is mentioned in many texts of Sanatan Dharma like Kathak-Grihya-Sutra, Jaimini’s Purva Mimamsa Sutra, Narad Purana and Bhavishya Purana. Holikotsav is mentioned in the famous play Ratnavali of 7th century King Harsha. There are many details about Holi in Dandin’s Dashakumar Charita and the works of the fourth century AD poet Kalidasa. In the 17th century, European traders and British colonial employees also mentioned Holi, the festival of joy and fun of Indians, in various writings. Here are some legends of Holi:

Happy Holi
Happy Holi

Story of Holika Dahan

Once upon a time there was a king Hiranyakashyap. He worshiped Lord Shiva and got the boon that no one could kill him. Lord Shiva gave him a boon that no deity, god or human could kill him, he could not be killed inside or outside the house, he could not be killed at night or during the day. After receiving this boon, Hiranyakashyap thought that it was inevitable and he became filled with pride. He asked everyone to worship only him and not Lord Vishnu or any other deity. His son Prahlad was a great devotee of Lord Vishnu. His father asked him not to worship Lord Vishnu but he continued. Now Hiranyakashipu became so angry that he started torturing his own son Prahlad. He tried many times to kill Prahlad but he failed. One day he called his sister Holika to do something about it. Holika’s body was fireproof. She sat on the pyre and took Prahlad in her lap. Prahlad kept chanting and soon Holika got burnt in the fire and Prahlad was saved. Later Lord Vishnu took Narasimha incarnation and killed Hiranyakashyap. That is why Holi is celebrated as the victory of good over evil.

Radha-Krishna’s Eternal Love

This is the story of love of Lord Krishna and Radha Rani. When Krishna lived in Vrindavan, he loved Radha. Krishna was insecure about his dark-blue complexion while Radha’s complexion was fair. Their mother asked them to paint Radha in whatever color she liked. Lord Krishna painted Radha in his colors to show his love. Radha already loved Krishna. Since then their love is celebrated every year on Holi with colors and happiness.

Holi 2024: Rituals and Procedures

All festivals have certain customs and ways of celebration associated with them. God is also worshipped. Holi is a festival of colours, fun and enthusiasm. It also symbolizes warding off negativity and evil. During Holi we worship Lord Vishnu because he saved his devotee Prahlad from the atrocities of his demon father. Holi is not just about playing with colors and water, but there are many rituals and ceremonies associated with the celebration of Holi.

People start preparations to celebrate Holi many days before Holi. They collect wood for the bonfire. They make idols of Holika and Prahlad from cow dung. They make garlands for Holika’s funeral pyre from upla (cakes of cow dung). On the day of Holika Dahan or Chhoti Holi, people make Holika pyre from the wood collected at every intersection of every city. They keep their idols and other flammable materials in the pyre. Here is the list of items required in Holika Dahan Puja and some details about Holika Sthapana and puja process.

Holi Puja Material:-

  • One whole brown coconut
  • Akshat (unbroken rice)
  • Kalash filled with water
  • Agarbatti and Dhoop (Incense sticks)
  • Lamp (oil lamp – sesame/mustard oil, cotton wick, and brass or clay lamp)
  • Turmeric
  • Cotton thread (Kalava)
  • Dumplings and toys made from cow dung, idols of Holika and Prahlad made from cow dung (Badkula).
  • kumkum
  • flower
  • wooden logs
  • Bean lentil
  • Batasha or any other sweet
  • Gulal
  • Gangajal
  • Dhoop
  • Karpoor
  • bell
  • Homemade sweets and fruits
  • Sandalwood paste of basil leaves and sandalwood

Holika Sthapana

The intersection at which the Holi pyre is to be established. It is washed with Ganga water on Holi. People erect a wooden pole in the middle. Garlands and idols made of cow dung are placed around it. Now the idols of Prahlad and Holika are placed on top of the pile. The entire pile is decorated with shields, swords, moon, sun and stars and other toys made of cow dung.

Method of Holika Dahan

  • Collect wood for Holika Dahan. After this, wrap them three or seven times with raw cotton.
  • After this, pour some Ganga water on all the woods and purify them. After this, worship them by sprinkling water, flowers and kumkum on them.
  • Use rosary Roli, Akshat, whole turmeric, gulal, coconut, batashe-jaggery for worship.
  • After this worship Holika and then do at least 5 or 7 parikrama of Holika.
  • Take special care that while worshiping Holika, your face should be towards east or north.

Symbolism of colors in Indian culture

Red: The color of love, passion and fertility.

Orange: The color of new beginnings and forgiveness

Yellow: Represents happiness, peace, joy, meditation, knowledge and education.

Pink: Symbolizes kindness and compassion and positivity.

Green: Represents nature, life and harvest.

Blue: The color of Lord Krishna symbolizes power and spiritual growth.

Holi 2024: Significance and Science

Holi is an important Indian festival. Celebrated with happiness and colors. The significance of this festival is a symbol of enthusiasm, happiness and liveliness. Always remains connected with the society. On the day of Holi, people celebrate the festival of happiness with each other. Social and family relationships become stronger.

There is a play of colors in this festival. Energizes our mind and creates an atmosphere of collective happiness. The science of Holi colors is also important from spiritual and social point of view. The colors and excitement played in it promote balance of body and mind. Through this wonderful festival we fill the colors of happiness in our lives and give the message of unity and harmony in the society.

Frequently Asked Question:-

Q1. When will Holi 2024 be celebrated?
Ans. Holi will be celebrated on Monday, 25 March 2024, and Holika Dahan will take place on Sunday, 24 March 2024.
Q2. What is the importance of Holi in Hindu culture?
Ans. Holi is a celebration of the victory of good over evil and the arrival of spring, which brings unity and happiness among the people.
Q3. What is the legend behind Holika Dahan?
Ans. Holika Dahan commemorates the story of the protection of Prahlad by Lord Vishnu, which symbolizes the victory of religion.
Q4. What is the significance of playing with colors on Holi?
Ans. Playing with colors during Holi symbolizes the joy of spring and enhances harmony among people and breaks social barriers.
Q5. Why is fire lit during Holika Dahan?
Ans. The fire lit during Holika Dahan symbolizes the burning of evil and negativity, symbolizing the victory of good over evil.
Q. How is Holi celebrated in different regions of India?
A. Holi is celebrated in unique ways across India, including traditions like Lathmar Holi in Barsana and flower Holi in Mathura, Vrindavan and Gokul.
Q. What are the essential items for Holi Puja?
A. Items required for Holi puja include coconut, unbroken rice, kalash filled with water, incense sticks, oil lamp, turmeric, cow dung cakes, flowers, sweets and fruits.
Q. Why is Holi called the festival of colors?
A. Holi is called the festival of colors as it involves playful splashes of colored powder and water, which symbolizes happiness and joy.
Q. Do only Hindus celebrate Holi?
A. Although Holi originates from Hinduism, it is celebrated by people of different religions and cultures with emphasis on the spirit of unity and festivity.
What is the spiritual significance of Holi?
A. Holi promotes spiritual renewal and encourages people to forget old grudges and embrace love, forgiveness and positivity.
Q. How does Holi symbolize the transition from winter to spring?
A. Holi signals the arrival of spring, it celebrates the renewal of nature with blooming flowers and vibrant colors, symbolizing rejuvenation and growth.
Q. What is the scientific importance of Holi?
A. Holi marks the end of winter dormancy, promotes outdoor activities and social interaction, and promotes physical and mental health.
Q. Are there any safety precautions to be taken while celebrating Holi?
A. It is essential to use natural, eco-friendly colours, stay hydrated, protect eyes and respect personal boundaries while playing Holi.
Can people of all ages participate in Holi celebrations?
A. Yes, Holi is a festival for people of all ages, which encourages everyone to join in the colorful celebration and spread happiness.
Q. How do people express affection and goodwill during Holi?
A. During Holi, people give each other good wishes, gifts and sweets, hug each other and dance and sing happily.
Q. What does Holi symbolize in terms of cultural heritage and tradition?
A. Holi symbolizes India’s rich cultural heritage, which promotes inclusivity, diversity and the eternal values of love, unity and harmony.